This was found in a study done by two researchers of the University of the Philippines in the Visayas-Cebu College (UPV-CC) based in Cebu City.
The research project of Dr. Albert Maganaka and Silvana Hermosa, titled “Sexuality Education among Secondary Schools in Cebu City,” was designed to know the curricular offerings of SE among public and private secondary schools in Cebu City.
Specifically, the study sought to describe the profile/qualifications of the secondary school teachers handling sexuality education in Cebu City; identify the issues/topics taken up in SE classes; and determine the modes of incorporating the topic in the curriculum.
It also looked into the number of hours spent in teaching sexuality education; the teachers’ perception of SE; and the problems associated with the teaching of the subject.
Moreover, the study sought to determine the in-service training activities on SE attended by the teachers and the sexuality-related topics preferred by the teacher-respondents.
Thirty-one of the 99 public and private high schools in Cebu City were chosen to compose the study school respondents. Eighty-six high school teachers served as key informants.
Data were collected through interview schedule and focus group discussion.
More females (78 percent) and married (52 percent) teachers handled sexuality education.
Generally, the UPV-CC study noted, the teachers devoted less than an hour in tackling/integrating sexuality topics through lecture discussions.
Among the topics were teenage relationship, reproductive system, childbirth/marriage, abortion, sexually transmitted disease (STD), reproduction health problems, and birth control.
The teacher-respondents unanimously said that sexuality education is a very useful subject; that it is everybody’s concern in the school environment. Thus, it should be integrated in the curriculum.
However, they identified problems on teaching the subject, especially on the negative responses among the students and the lack of instructional materials and equipment, as well as the insufficient knowledge/mastery of the teachers on the subject matter.
Results of the study also showed that although sexuality education exists in the school curricula, SE in schools has yet to take off in a big way.
“It is being taken up in an ad hoc manner, taking place occasionally without any systematically organized study over time. In most cases, it is integrated with the context of existing subjects such as biology, social sciences, health, and religion,” Dr. Maganaka and Hermosa observed.
Both public and private schools integrated sexuality education in their curricula. However, advocacy in youth SE in Cebu is better promoted by privately owned institutions.
Public high schools, on the other hand, tend to lag behind in sexuality education. They focus more on the reproductive system of human sexuality while the private high schools look at moral/ethical/religious issues of human sexuality.
The UPV-CC study confirmed those of Dr. Victoria Amodia, educational supervisor for Social Studies and Values of the Department of Education-Region 7, that sexuality education is integrated in subjects such as Biology and sciences.
“Training on sexuality-related topics is so nil among teachers in both public and private high schools,” the researchers noted.
Generally, private school teachers have better exposure/training to sexuality-related topics sponsored mostly by religious organizations.
Summing up, results of the study imply that more has to be done to advance sexuality education in Cebu City.
“Government support for appropriate legislation as well as international development assistance will lead to intensive teacher training and development and dissemination of instructional materials for sexuality education. As a result, it would then be integrated formally into the basic and secondary education curricula,” the researchers concluded.
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