Getting to know the Presidents of the Philippines
I find that the educated Filipino seems to know more about American presidents than I do (I am an Aussie), no doubt this was because of American rule for sixty years. But do we all know who the presidents of the Philippines were?
Between Spain relinquishing control and the U.S. taking over was a president called Emilio Aguinaldo who became president at the age of 29 and was the longest surviving president in life span. He died at the age of 94. He took office in 1899 and left office or was forced out of office in 1901. His term only lasted a few months as he was ousted by the Americans who took over control of the country presidential office.
Move forward to 1935and Manuel Luis Quezón y Molina was president for a few years and was known as the man who gave the Philippines its national language.
1943 came José Paciano Laurel y García, who went to Bataan during the Japanese invasion, and then on to New York. He also worked with the Japanese in exile.
Sergio Osmeña became president in 1944 as Garcia was now absent. Sergio who was a Chinese Filipino and became the oldest president at the age of 65.
1946 and yet another president arrives with Manuel Roxas and he would be the last President of the commonwealth of the Philippines. He died in office of a heart attack just over a year into office.
Enter Elpidio Quirino in 1947 and on July 17, 1948, the Congress approved Republic Act No. 333, amending Commonwealth Act No. 502, declaring Quezon City the capital of the Philippines in place of Manila.
Ramon Magsaysay became president in 1953 to 1957; he too died in office in a plane crash when returning from Cebu.
He was replaced by Carlos P. Garcia who is famous for outlawing the communist party of the Philippines. He left office in 1961 and died in 1971.
Diosdado Macapagal took over in 1961 and introduced the land reform law. He died in 1997.
1965 saw a new president called Ferdinand Marcos. In his first term he wanted the Philippines to fight the Vietnamese and help the Americans. He was the very first president to be voted in twice when he won the election in 1969. It was an election where he used government money to fund his campaign which included a lot of violence and corruption. He declared martial law in 1972 and held onto the position until 1986.
Corazon Aquino who was the first Asian woman president in Asia and came to power thanks to the peoples revolution. Her husband was shot in 1983 and many believe this was by Marcos. She died of cancer in 2009.
In 1992 Fidel V. Ramos took over the reign and is seen to been a man that kick-started the Philippines economy. But the 1997 financial Asian crisis undid most of the good he had done in the economy.
Jeff Harvie is an Australian Registered Migration Agent (MARN 0959797) who has given up the quiet life in Australia a few years back for one more adventurous with his Filipina wife and kids in Manila, Philippines. He runsDown Under Visa, which specialises in Australian partner visas for those Aussie men who fall madly in love with the local girls and want to bring them to Australia.